A Calculator Example Program (With Java Code)

Calculator Example The following Java code is for a simple calculator. There are nine JButtons to symbolize the numbers 1 to 9, and 3 JButtons for addition, subtraction and totaling the result. A JTextField at the top maintains music of the numbers being pressed and the result of the arithmetic operation.

Calculator Example Java Code

The reason of this Java software is to reveal a way to put into effect an ActionListener interface for managing JButton button event clicks with the aid of the usage of the containing magnificence, an inner class and an nameless inner magnificence.

//Imports are listed in full to show what's being used //could just import javax.swing.* and java.awt.* etc.. import java.awt.EventQueue; import java.awt.GridLayout; import java.awt.BorderLayout; import java.awt.event.ActionListener; import java.awt.event.ActionEvent; import javax.swing.JFrame; import javax.swing.JPanel; import javax.swing.JTextField; import javax.swing.JButton; import java.awt.Container; public class SimpleCalc implements ActionListener{ JFrame guiFrame; JPanel buttonPanel; JTextField numberCalc; int calcOperation = 0; int currentCalc; //Note: Typically the main method will be in a //separate class. As this is a simple one class //example it's all in the one class. public static void main(String[] args) { //Use the event dispatch thread for Swing components EventQueue.invokeLater(new Runnable() { @Override public void run() { new SimpleCalc(); } }); } public SimpleCalc() { guiFrame = new JFrame(); //make sure the program exits when the frame closes guiFrame.setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE); guiFrame.setTitle("Simple Calculator"); guiFrame.setSize(300,300); //This will center the JFrame in the middle of the screen guiFrame.setLocationRelativeTo(null); numberCalc = new JTextField(); numberCalc.setHorizontalAlignment(JTextField.RIGHT); numberCalc.setEditable(false); guiFrame.add(numberCalc, BorderLayout.NORTH); buttonPanel = new JPanel(); //Make a Grid that has three rows and four columns buttonPanel.setLayout(new GridLayout(4,3)); guiFrame.add(buttonPanel, BorderLayout.CENTER); //Add the number buttons for (int i=1;i<10;i++) { addButton(buttonPanel, String.valueOf(i)); } JButton addButton = new JButton("+"); addButton.setActionCommand("+"); OperatorAction subAction = new OperatorAction(1); addButton.addActionListener(subAction); JButton subButton = new JButton("-"); subButton.setActionCommand("-"); OperatorAction addAction = new OperatorAction(2); subButton.addActionListener(addAction); JButton equalsButton = new JButton("="); equalsButton.setActionCommand("="); equalsButton.addActionListener(new ActionListener() { @Override public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent event) { if (!numberCalc.getText().isEmpty()) { int number = Integer.parseInt(numberCalc.getText()); if (calcOperation == 1) { int calculate = currentCalc + number; numberCalc.setText(Integer.toString(calculate)); } else if (calcOperation == 2 { int calculate = currentCalc - number; numberCalc.setText(Integer.toString(calculate)); } } } }); buttonPanel.add(addButton); buttonPanel.add(subButton); buttonPanel.add(equalsButton); guiFrame.setVisible(true); } //All the buttons are following the same pattern //so create them all in one place. private void addButton(Container parent, String name) { JButton but = new JButton(name); but.setActionCommand(name); but.addActionListener(this); parent.add(but); } //As all the buttons are doing the same thing it's //easier to make the class implement the ActionListener //interface and control the button clicks from one place @Override public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent event) { //get the Action Command text from the button String action = event.getActionCommand(); //set the text using the Action Command text numberCalc.setText(action); } private class OperatorAction implements ActionListener { private int operator; public OperatorAction(int operation) { operator = operation; } public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent event) { currentCalc = Integer.parseInt(numberCalc.getText()); calcOperation = operator; } } }